Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) services are:

  • Available to all persons without regard to income, or place of residence.
  • FREE: Confidential HIV Testing  (Monday – Friday 8 am – 5:00 pm)
  • STI exam and testing by appointment- Monday through Friday
  • Provided by:
    • Registered nurses
    • Family Nurse Practitioner/ Physician Assistant
    • Physician
  • Visit includes medical history, risk assessment, physical exam, lab test, education and treatment.
  • The only way to prevent STI is to- abstain from having sex, or use condoms every time, be sure you are in a monogamous relationship

Some Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases:

Chlamydia– Is often asymptomatic in both males and females and most cases are detected through screening.  Untreated 10-15% of women will develop pelvic inflammatory disease and possible infertility. Recommended annual screening of sexually active women younger than 25 years and older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners or a partner who has a STD.

For Fact Sheet: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/std/spanish/clamidia/chlamydia-factsheet-sp-april-2014.pdf

Genital Herpes- You can get herpes from an infected  partner even if they have no symptoms. Caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 and type 2. There is no cure but medication is available to reduce symptoms and less likely to spread to partner.

Gonorrhea- Is often symptomatic in males and less in females. Most cases are detected through screening. Recommended annual screening of sexually active women younger than 25 years and older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners or a partner who has a STI.

HIV- If you have a STI you are more likely to get HIV than someone who has not had an STI.  Having a break in the skin may allow HIV to move easily into your body.

Syphilis- Can have very serious complications when left untreated, but it is simple to cure with the right treatment.

STD Fact sheets: http://www.cdc.gov/std/healthcomm/fact_sheets.htm

STD in Pregnancy

Information on diseases http://epi.publichealth.nc.gov/cd/individuals.html

Facts About Sexually Transmitted Diseases:

  • Diseases are spread during sexual activities.
  • Many people have no symptoms but can infect others without knowing it.
  • People can develop infections again and again if exposed to new infections.
  • People can have serious and permanent consequences such as infertility.
  • Pregnant women can pass infections to unborn child.
  • Having testing and early treatment can limit problems and keep disease from spreading.
  • Most infections can be cured by the right medicine but all sex partners need evaluations and
    treatment.

DATA : Current communicable disease reports are complied annually and quarterly by the NC DHHS Communicable Disease Branch. The current data is available on the Communicable Disease website under the Facts and Figures tab. There will also be historical data from previous years on the site.

Communicable Disease Link:  http://epi.publichealth.nc.gov/cd/figures.html.

Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus: In 2015-2016 the Zika Virus was identified and sexual transmission was documented. If a sexual partner is pregnant or becomes pregnancy after exposure to the Zika Virus there is risk to the baby and the development of birth defects. See recommendations for travel and pregnancy at the links below.

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/pregsextransmission.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/transmission/sexual-transmission.html

For information about any of these services call 296-2130. For additional information on HIV/AIDS please visit the Center For Disease Control Web Site.